If you’re planning on traveling to Hawaii, you may be wondering if there are mosquitoes there and how to avoid them. So, are there mosquitoes in Hawaii? Unfortunately, mosquitoes are present on all of the major islands in Hawaii.
However, there are steps that you can take to protect yourself from mosquito bites. In this article, we will discuss the dangers of mosquitoes in Hawaii, the peak season for mosquitoes, and methods to get rid of them if they are present in your area. We will also provide some tips on how to protect yourself from mosquito bites.
Are there mosquitoes in Hawaii and why?
Though it may come as a surprise to some, there are mosquitoes in Hawaii. They can be found on all of the major Hawaiian Islands. According to folk belief, they were introduced from bilge water carried in whaling ships in the early 19th century.
The reasons are listed below:
- Climate: The weather in Hawaii is the perfect climate for mosquitoes to thrive. The hot and humid weather is ideal for them to breed, and so they are present in Hawaii during the summer and fall months
- Standing water: Mosquitoes thrive in standing water, and Hawaii has plenty of that during the rainy season. Mosquitoes lay their eggs on the surface of standing water, which is necessary for the egg’s development into larvae. The larvae live at the bottom of the pool and later develop into mosquitoes.
- Saltwater: Saltwater in Hawaii is the reason for existing of mosquitoes in Hawaii. Mosquitoes need a saltwater habitat to breed, and they are most commonly found near coastal areas.
- Topography, and ocean currents: The rough, mountainous terrain creates many different habitats that are perfect for mosquitoes to live and breed in. The ocean currents bring warm water to Hawaii, which creates the perfect conditions for mosquitoes to thrive.
- Volcanic eruptions: The hot, moist environment created by the volcanoes is perfect for mosquitoes to breed and grow. In addition, the ash and debris from the eruptions can provide a food source for the mosquitoes.
As a result, Hawaii has one of the highest rates of mosquito-borne diseases in the United States.
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Where have lots of mosquitoes in Hawaii?
Mosquitoes thrive in the moist, tropical climate of Hawaii.
- Kauai and Maui are reportedly the most mosquito-ridden islands in the state: because they have the perfect mix of tropical weather and vegetation that mosquitoes love. These islands also have a lot of standing water, which provides mosquitoes with plenty of places to breed.
Visitors to Kauai and Maui should take precautions against mosquito bites, such as wearing insect repellent and long sleeves.
- Oahu has a few areas that are prone to mosquitoes: One of these areas is near the Honolulu airport. The mosquitoes near the airport are attracted to the lights, and they can be a nuisance for travelers. There have also been cases of dengue fever in this area, so it’s important to take precautions against mosquito bites.
- Big Island, Honolulu is relatively mosquito-free: The reason for this is because of the high elevation of the city. Honolulu is the second-highest island in the Hawaiian chain. The elevation of the island helps to keep the temperature cool and prevents mosquitoes from breeding. In addition, Honolulu has a strong breeze that helps to keep mosquitoes away.
Common mosquito species in Hawaii
Overall, eight mosquito species reside in Hawaii. Six of the species are known to bite humans. The other two do not. Four of the six species are active in biting during the day. The other two species are night-biters.
- The most common type of mosquito in Hawaii is the Aedes albopictus, which is a tropical mosquito that is found in many parts of the world. This mosquito is a carrier of the Zika virus, and it is important to take precautions against bites from this insect.
The mosquito is identifiable by its black torso with a line of white dots around the body’s perimeter. The Aedes aegypti are actively in bite mode two hours before sunrise and two hours after sunrise. They are then inactive until sunset when they are on the hunt for food two hours before and after sunset.
- Other types of mosquitoes found in Hawaii include the Culex quinquefasciatus and the Anopheles freeborn. These mosquitoes can also carry diseases such as West Nile virus and malaria
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What are the dangers of mosquitoes in Hawaii?
Some of the diseases mosquitoes can spread include:
- Chikungunya: fever, joint pain, and headache. These symptoms can last for weeks or even months
- Zika virus: fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). The virus can also be spread from mother to child during pregnancy
- Yellow fever: fever, chills, headache, joint pain, muscle pain, and nausea
- Dengue: headache, fever, joint pain, and rash
- West Nile virus: fever, headache, and body aches. In more severe cases, the virus can cause neck stiffness, confusion, coma, or seizures
- Malaria: fever, chills, headache, and vomiting. If left untreated, malaria can be deadly.
- Various types of encephalitis: fever, headache, confusion, seizures, and coma
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The peak season for mosquitoes in Hawaii
Mosquitoes thrive in warm weather, and that’s why March through the early part of November is the peak season for them in Hawaii. The higher temperatures allow the mosquitoes to breed and spread more easily, which can lead to an increase in the number of people who get bitten.
Additionally, the humidity during this time of year also helps the mosquitoes to survive. If you’re planning a trip to Hawaii during these months, be sure to pack some insect repellent!
Depending on the species, a single mosquito can lay an estimated 250 eggs which hatch within 1-5 days. Consequently, you could have a significant population in only a matter of days.
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Methods to get rid of mosquitoes if they are present in your area
Mosquitoes can be removed in several ways, including:
- Reduce standing water: Fill any standing puddles. Remove any water that has accumulated in the gutters and drain freely.
- Repair or replace any rips or holes in window or door screens to keep mosquitoes out of your house.
- Store lids and containers that can collect rain upside down.
- Keep gutters free of debris.
- Don’t overwater your lawn.
- Keep your grass cut short and trim back vegetation around your property.
- Use a mosquito repellant.
- Install mosquito screens on doors and windows.
- Use a mosquito trap.
- Use a natural mosquito repellant.
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How to protect yourself from mosquito bites?
1. Wear long sleeves and pants when possible and avoid bright-colored clothing
2. Use mosquito repellent, preferably one that contains DEET ( Cutter All Family 15 Count Insect Repellent Mosquito Wipes 7.15% DEET / Cutter 54010 Skinsations 6-Ounce Insect Repellent Pump Spray 7-Percent DEET, Case Pack of 1/ If you have sensitive skin, you can use Cutter Backwoods Insect Repellent 25-Percent DEET Pump Spray, 6-Ounce)
3. Avoid going outside during peak mosquito hours (dusk and dawn).
4. Make sure your screens on doors and windows are in good condition and keep them closed when possible.
5. Empty any standing water near your home, as mosquitoes lay their eggs in stagnant water.
6. Stay indoors at dusk when mosquitoes are most active.
What to do if you think you’ve been bitten by a mosquito?
If you think you’ve been bitten by a mosquito, here are a few first-aid tips:
Take a look at the bite and see if you can identify any redness or swell around it. If so, that’s a good indication that you’ve been bitten. Other symptoms of a mosquito bite include itchiness and pain.
- If you’re experiencing any of those symptoms, then it’s best to try and find some relief. One way to do that is by using an over-the-counter antihistamine medication to help with the itching. You can also try applying a cold compress to the area to help reduce swelling and inflammation.
- If you’re sensitive to bites, keep a hand-lotion such as Caladryl Clear Lotion or StingEze Max2 Insect Bite Itch Relief Dauber close by to relieve the itch.
Mosquito bites cause red, itchy welts. Some people experience itching for 10 minutes while other people itch for 10 days. You will want to have medication in your bag because these items are hard to find in remote and resort areas
Which island has no mosquitoes?
Hawaii’s Big Island, Honolulu,… are some islands in Hawaii without mosquitoes. These islands have a more diverse landscape, including rainforests and mountains than the other islands, which makes it less hospitable for mosquitoes. While there are some mosquitoes on the other islands, they are not as prevalent as they are on the other islands.
Are mosquitoes year-round in Hawaii?
Yes. Mosquitoes are year-round in Hawaii, although they are more prevalent during the summer months.
What smell does a mosquito hate?
There are a variety of smells that mosquitoes hate, including lavender, citronella, clove, peppermint, and basil. You can use any of these scents to deter mosquitoes from bothering you.
Do dryer sheets repel mosquitoes?
While there is no scientific evidence that dryer sheets can repel mosquitoes, there is also no evidence to suggest that they don’t work.
Are there mosquitoes in Hawaii? Mosquitoes are pesky little creatures, and it seems like they’re everywhere, especially true in Hawaii. While we can’t promise that you won’t get bit while on your vacation here, we can offer a few tips to help you avoid as many mosquito bites as possible! With a little preparation and some common sense precautions, you should be able to enjoy your time in Hawaii free of annoying mosquito bites.
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