In recent years, the management of the US-Mexico border has become a complex and contentious issue. With changing demographics, economic pressures, and security concerns, the Biden Administration faces numerous challenges in maintaining an effective and humane border management strategy. This article explores strategic approaches that the Biden Administration can consider to address these challenges comprehensively.
The Current State of the US-Mexico Border
The US-Mexico border, stretching over approximately 1,954 miles, is a dynamic and often contentious region that plays a critical role in the social, economic, and political landscape of both nations. As of the current date, several key factors define the state of the US-Mexico border, each contributing to the complex challenges faced by both countries.
1. Immigration Trends
One of the most significant aspects of the current state of the US-Mexico border is the ongoing issue of immigration. The border has long been a focal point for immigration, both legal and unauthorized. In recent years, there has been a notable increase in the number of migrants attempting to cross into the United States, often fleeing violence, poverty, or political instability in their home countries.
The Biden Administration has faced substantial challenges in managing this influx of migrants while upholding humanitarian principles. Asylum seekers, in particular, have posed a complex challenge, with the need to provide a fair and efficient asylum process while ensuring border security.
2. Border Security
Border security remains a top priority for both the United States and Mexico. Efforts to prevent illegal crossings, drug trafficking, and human smuggling operations are ongoing. The border infrastructure, including walls and barriers, has been a subject of debate and contention, with ongoing discussions about their effectiveness and the allocation of resources for their maintenance and expansion.
Leveraging technology, such as surveillance drones and advanced monitoring systems, is a key component of border security strategies. The cooperation between US and Mexican law enforcement agencies is crucial in combating criminal activities that often originate on one side of the border and affect both nations.
3. Humanitarian Concerns
The treatment of migrants and asylum seekers at the border has raised significant humanitarian concerns. Overcrowded detention facilities, the separation of families, and conditions in which migrants are held have drawn international attention and criticism. Efforts to improve detention conditions, streamline asylum processes, and address the root causes of migration in Central American countries are ongoing.
4. Economic Implications
The US-Mexico border has a profound impact on the economies of both nations. Trade between the two countries is robust, with billions of dollars in goods and services crossing the border each year. The efficient flow of trade is vital for both economies, and disruptions at the border can have far-reaching economic consequences.
Efforts to promote investment in Central American countries and address economic disparities are seen as long-term solutions to reduce the incentive for illegal immigration. Additionally, ongoing negotiations and trade agreements between the United States, Mexico, and Canada continue to shape the economic landscape of the region.
5. Legal Framework
The legal framework governing immigration and border management is complex and subject to change. Comprehensive immigration reform remains a topic of discussion and debate, with calls for a pathway to citizenship for undocumented immigrants already in the United States.
Reviews of deportation policies seek to prioritize the removal of criminals while protecting law-abiding undocumented immigrants. Modernizing visa processes for various categories, including temporary workers and students, is also under consideration to reduce illegal immigration driven by visa overstays.
6. Environmental Considerations
The development and infrastructure projects along the US-Mexico border can have significant environmental impacts. Ecosystems and wildlife habitats are disrupted, leading to concerns about biodiversity and conservation. Efforts to address these environmental concerns and promote sustainability in border regions are gaining importance.
7. Community Relations
Engaging with border communities is essential to building trust and addressing their specific needs. Tensions can arise due to increased security measures and the presence of law enforcement agencies. Public awareness campaigns and community outreach programs aim to bridge these gaps and foster cooperation.
In conclusion, the current state of the US-Mexico border is characterized by complex and interconnected challenges. Immigration trends, border security, humanitarian concerns, economic implications, legal reforms, environmental considerations, and community relations all play significant roles in shaping the border’s dynamics. Addressing these issues requires a comprehensive and balanced approach that takes into account the interests and well-being of both nations while upholding the principles of security and compassion.
Historical Context of the US-Mexico Border
To fully understand the complexities and challenges of the US-Mexico border management, it is essential to delve into its rich historical context. The border’s history is marked by a series of events, agreements, conflicts, and societal changes that have shaped the region as it stands today.
1. Early History and Indigenous Peoples
Long before the concept of a modern international border existed, the area now known as the US-Mexico border was inhabited by indigenous peoples. Native American tribes such as the Apache, Navajo, and Comanche lived in these lands for centuries. Spanish explorers and settlers began arriving in the 16th century, marking the beginning of European influence in the region.
2. Spanish Colonization and Mexican Independence
The Spanish Empire established the Viceroyalty of New Spain, which included much of present-day Mexico and the southwestern United States. Over time, tensions grew between Spanish authorities and the local population, culminating in the Mexican War of Independence (1810-1821). Mexico gained its independence from Spain in 1821 and took control of the region.
3. Mexican-American War and Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
One of the most significant events in the border’s history was the Mexican-American War (1846-1848). The war began over disputes regarding the Texas-Mexico border, and it ultimately resulted in the United States gaining control of a vast territory, including present-day California, Arizona, New Mexico, and parts of Texas, Colorado, Utah, and Nevada.
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed in 1848, officially ended the war. This treaty established the Rio Grande as the boundary between Texas and Mexico, setting the stage for the modern US-Mexico border.
4. The Gadsden Purchase
In 1853, the United States and Mexico negotiated the Gadsden Purchase, which added a strip of land in present-day Arizona and New Mexico to the United States. This purchase aimed to facilitate the construction of a transcontinental railroad and establish a more convenient southern route.
5. The Border in the 20th Century
Throughout the 20th century, the US-Mexico border underwent significant changes. The Mexican Revolution (1910-1920) led to increased migration from Mexico to the United States as people sought refuge from the violence and economic turmoil. The border region became more interconnected economically, with trade and commerce playing a vital role.
6. Bracero Program and Immigration Act of 1965
During World War II, the Bracero Program brought Mexican laborers to the United States to address labor shortages in agriculture. This program had a lasting impact on Mexican migration patterns and labor relations.
In 1965, the Immigration and Nationality Act abolished the national origins quota system and established a more inclusive immigration policy. This legislation significantly influenced immigration from Mexico and other countries in Latin America.
7. Border Security and NAFTA
The 1990s saw an increase in border security measures as the United States sought to curb illegal immigration and drug trafficking. The construction of barriers and fences along the border began during this period.
The implementation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1994 had a profound impact on the border’s economic landscape. Trade between the United States and Mexico surged, leading to increased cross-border commerce.
8. Modern Challenges and Immigration Trends
In recent decades, the US-Mexico border has faced a range of challenges. Immigration trends have shifted, with a notable increase in Central American migrants seeking asylum in the United States. This has strained resources and created humanitarian concerns, particularly regarding the treatment of asylum seekers.
Border security remains a contentious issue, with debates over the effectiveness of physical barriers and the use of technology for surveillance. Environmental concerns and their impact on border ecosystems have also gained attention.
9. Societal and Cultural Interactions
The border region is characterized by a unique blend of cultures, languages, and traditions. Mexican and American influences are intertwined, leading to a vibrant and diverse cultural landscape. The border has also been the subject of artistic expression, with literature, music, and art often exploring the complexities of life in the region.
In conclusion, the historical context of the US-Mexico border is essential for understanding the challenges and opportunities it presents today. From its indigenous roots to Spanish colonization, the Mexican-American War, and the complexities of modern immigration and trade, the border’s history is a tapestry of events that continue to shape the region’s dynamics and policies.
Challenges Faced by the US-Mexico Border
The US-Mexico border is a region marked by a multitude of challenges, both historical and contemporary. These challenges encompass various aspects, from immigration and security concerns to humanitarian issues and economic implications. Understanding the challenges faced by the border is crucial for developing effective strategies and policies.
1. Immigration Trends
Increasing Migrant Flows
One of the primary challenges faced by the US-Mexico border is the consistent flow of migrants attempting to enter the United States. This includes both unauthorized border crossings and those seeking asylum. In recent years, there has been a notable increase in the number of migrants, particularly from Central American countries, seeking entry into the United States.
Managing the humanitarian aspects of immigration is a significant challenge. Detention facilities have become overcrowded, and concerns have been raised about the treatment of migrants, especially children and families. Ensuring humane conditions and processing asylum claims efficiently while maintaining border security is a delicate balance.
2. Border Security
Drug Trafficking and Criminal Activities
The border region is a hotspot for drug trafficking and other criminal activities. Smuggling operations, including narcotics and human trafficking, pose significant threats to security. Law enforcement agencies on both sides of the border work to combat these activities, but they remain persistent challenges.
Infrastructure and Barriers
The construction and maintenance of border infrastructure, including walls, fences, and surveillance systems, is a complex issue. There are ongoing debates about the effectiveness of physical barriers in deterring illegal crossings. Balancing the need for security with environmental and community concerns is a constant challenge.
3. Humanitarian Concerns
Overcrowded and inadequate detention conditions have drawn criticism and raised humanitarian concerns. Improving these conditions while processing asylum claims efficiently is a critical challenge.
The policy of family separation at the border, which was implemented in the past, has led to emotional and psychological trauma for many families. Addressing the consequences of this policy and ensuring family unity is an ongoing challenge.
4. Economic Implications
Disruptions to Trade
The efficient flow of trade between the United States and Mexico is vital for both economies. Disruptions at the border, whether due to security concerns or policy changes, can have significant economic consequences. Maintaining a balance between security and trade facilitation is a constant challenge.
Addressing the economic disparities that drive migration from Mexico and Central American countries is a long-term challenge. Promoting economic development and opportunities in these regions is essential to reducing the incentives for illegal immigration.
5. Legal Framework
Comprehensive Immigration Reform
The need for comprehensive immigration reform has been a long-standing challenge. Developing a legal framework that addresses the status of undocumented immigrants already in the United States while ensuring border security and providing pathways to legal immigration remains a complex task.
Visa Processes and Overstays
Addressing visa processes and reducing visa overstays are challenges related to legal immigration. Streamlining these processes while maintaining security measures is crucial for managing legal migration effectively.
6. Environmental Considerations
Infrastructure development and border security measures can have a significant ecological impact. Protecting biodiversity and minimizing environmental damage while managing security challenges is a complex balancing act.
The allocation of water resources along the border, particularly in the arid regions, poses challenges related to water rights, conservation, and equitable distribution.
7. Community Relations
Engaging with border communities and building trust is a challenge, especially when security measures increase in the region. Effective communication and addressing community concerns are essential to maintain positive relations.
Tensions and Perceptions
Tensions can arise between law enforcement agencies and border communities. Addressing perceptions of heavy-handed tactics and fostering cooperation are ongoing challenges.
In conclusion, the US-Mexico border faces a multitude of challenges that encompass immigration, security, humanitarian concerns, economic implications, legal reforms, environmental considerations, and community relations. Finding effective solutions to these challenges requires a comprehensive and balanced approach that considers the interests and well-being of both nations while upholding the principles of security and compassion.
The Biden Administration’s Current Approach to US-Mexico Border Management
Since taking office, the Biden Administration has implemented a multifaceted approach to address the challenges and complexities of US-Mexico border management. This approach reflects a departure from some policies of the previous administration and aims to strike a balance between border security and humanitarian considerations.
1. Immigration Policies
Reversal of “Remain in Mexico” Policy
One of the significant changes in the Biden Administration’s approach has been the reversal of the “Remain in Mexico” policy, officially known as the Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP). Under this policy, asylum seekers were required to wait in Mexico for their immigration court hearings in the United States. The Biden Administration suspended MPP and began processing asylum claims within the United States, with a focus on reducing the backlog of cases.
Temporary Protected Status (TPS) Designations
The Biden Administration has also taken steps to grant Temporary Protected Status (TPS) to certain groups of immigrants, particularly those from countries facing humanitarian crises or environmental disasters. This includes individuals from Venezuela and Haiti, among others. TPS provides temporary legal status and work authorization to eligible individuals.
2. Border Security Measures
While the Biden Administration has not halted the construction of border infrastructure, it has emphasized the need for strategic and cost-effective investments. The focus has been on addressing vulnerabilities in existing barriers and utilizing technology for surveillance and detection.
Leveraging technology for border security has been a priority. This includes the deployment of surveillance drones, sensors, and other advanced monitoring systems to enhance situational awareness and response capabilities for border patrol agents.
3. Humanitarian Efforts
Expansion of Refugee Resettlement Programs
The Biden Administration has pledged to expand refugee resettlement programs, aiming to admit more refugees from various regions, including Central America. This approach provides a legal and safer alternative to dangerous border crossings.
Improved Detention Conditions
Efforts have been made to improve the living conditions and medical care in detention centers, particularly for families and children. The administration has also emphasized alternatives to detention, such as community-based supervision.
4. Economic Engagement
Investment in Central America
Recognizing the root causes of migration, the Biden Administration has proposed significant investments in Central American countries to address economic disparities, violence, and instability. The goal is to create job opportunities and improve living standards, thereby reducing incentives for illegal immigration.
Emphasis on Legal Migration
The administration has sought to facilitate legal migration pathways, simplifying visa processes for various categories, including temporary workers, students, and visitors. This approach aims to reduce illegal immigration driven by visa overstays.
5. Legal Reforms
Comprehensive Immigration Reform
The Biden Administration has expressed support for comprehensive immigration reform, which includes providing a pathway to citizenship for undocumented immigrants already in the United States. This long-term solution aims to address the legal status of millions of individuals.
Review of Deportation Policies
The administration has directed immigration enforcement agencies to review deportation policies and prioritize the removal of individuals who pose security risks or have committed serious crimes while protecting law-abiding undocumented immigrants.
6. Environmental Considerations
Addressing Environmental Impact
The Biden Administration has committed to considering environmental impacts in border management decisions. This includes conducting environmental assessments for infrastructure projects and striving to minimize ecological damage.
Efforts are underway to promote sustainability in border regions by investing in environmentally responsible development and conservation initiatives.
7. Community Relations
Building Trust with Border Communities
Engaging with border communities to build trust and address their specific needs is a focal point. The administration seeks to foster cooperation and alleviate tensions through effective communication and outreach efforts.
Public Awareness Campaigns
Educational campaigns have been launched to inform potential migrants about the risks of illegal border crossings and the importance of pursuing legal channels. These campaigns aim to deter individuals from attempting dangerous journeys.
In conclusion, the Biden Administration’s current approach to US-Mexico border management reflects a commitment to balancing border security with humanitarian considerations. Reversing certain policies, expanding refugee resettlement programs, improving detention conditions, investing in Central America, facilitating legal migration, and advocating for comprehensive immigration reform are key elements of this approach. It is a complex and challenging task, but the administration aims to address the multifaceted issues surrounding the border while upholding the principles of security, compassion, and cooperation.
Recommendations for the Biden Administration on US-Mexico Border Management
Addressing the complexities and challenges of US-Mexico border management requires a comprehensive and strategic approach. While the Biden Administration has already taken steps in this direction, several recommendations can further enhance the effectiveness and fairness of border policies.
1. Strengthen Diplomatic Relations with Mexico
Collaborative Border Security
Continuing to build and strengthen collaborative efforts with Mexican authorities is essential. Enhanced cooperation in intelligence sharing, joint operations, and information exchange can help combat drug trafficking, human smuggling, and other transnational criminal activities more effectively.
Joint Economic Initiatives
Explore joint economic initiatives with Mexico, focusing on cross-border investments, infrastructure development, and trade facilitation. These efforts can contribute to economic stability in both countries and alleviate some of the economic drivers of migration.
2. Streamline Asylum Processes
Expedite Asylum Adjudication
Implement measures to expedite the adjudication of asylum claims. Reducing the backlog of cases and providing timely decisions can prevent prolonged detention and provide clarity to asylum seekers.
Regional Processing Centers
Establish regional processing centers in collaboration with neighboring countries, particularly in Central America. These centers can help individuals apply for asylum closer to their home countries, reducing the need for dangerous journeys to the US-Mexico border.
3. Humanitarian Considerations
Ensure Safe and Humane Treatment
Continue efforts to improve the living conditions and medical care in detention facilities. Prioritize the humane treatment of individuals in custody, with a particular focus on families and children.
Implement a comprehensive plan to identify and reunite families that were separated at the border under previous policies. This includes addressing the psychological and emotional trauma experienced by separated families.
4. Border Security and Infrastructure
Allocate resources for advanced surveillance technology, including drones, sensors, and AI-powered monitoring systems. These technologies can enhance situational awareness and response capabilities for border patrol agents.
Conduct a comprehensive review of existing border infrastructure. Ensure that investments are strategically placed to address vulnerabilities while considering environmental and community impacts.
5. Economic Engagement
Monitor Investment Outcomes
Continuously assess the outcomes of investments in Central American countries to address the root causes of migration. Evaluate the effectiveness of job creation, economic development, and violence reduction initiatives.
Trade and Labor Mobility
Explore opportunities for expanding trade agreements and labor mobility programs with Mexico and other regional partners. Enhance economic cooperation to create more legal avenues for labor migration.
6. Legal Reforms
Comprehensive Immigration Reform
Work with Congress to advance comprehensive immigration reform that provides a pathway to citizenship for undocumented immigrants already in the United States. This reform should also address legal avenues for future migration.
Visa Process Improvements
Modernize and streamline visa processes to reduce visa overstays and facilitate legal migration. Make the application process more accessible, efficient, and transparent.
7. Environmental Considerations
Environmental Impact Assessments
Require thorough environmental impact assessments for all border infrastructure projects. Ensure compliance with environmental regulations and prioritize conservation efforts.
Invest in sustainable development projects along the border that promote environmental conservation, renewable energy, and eco-friendly infrastructure.
8. Community Relations
Engage with border communities and local stakeholders to address their specific concerns and needs. Foster open lines of communication and collaboration to build trust.
Implement community-based programs that provide support and resources to border communities. These programs can address social, economic, and educational needs while promoting cooperation.
9. Data-Driven Policies
Establish a data-driven approach to border management, continuously evaluating the impact of policies and initiatives. Adjust strategies based on real-time data and feedback.
Ensure transparency in border operations and immigration policies. Provide clear and accessible information to the public, stakeholders, and international organizations.
In conclusion, effective US-Mexico border management requires a comprehensive strategy that balances security, humanitarian concerns, economic cooperation, legal reforms, environmental considerations, and community engagement. These recommendations provide a framework for the Biden Administration to continue its efforts in managing the border effectively while upholding principles of security and compassion.
Economic Implications of US-Mexico Border Management
The management of the US-Mexico border has far-reaching economic implications for both countries. The border region serves as a vital economic corridor, and policies and actions related to border management can significantly impact trade, investment, job opportunities, and economic stability. Understanding these economic implications is crucial for policymakers on both sides of the border.
1. Trade Relations
Bilateral Trade Volume
The US-Mexico border is a linchpin of bilateral trade between the two countries. It ranks among the busiest border crossings globally, with billions of dollars in goods and services exchanged daily. Trade volume has steadily increased over the years, largely driven by the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and its successor, the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA).
The economic growth and development of border regions on both sides depend significantly on cross-border trade. Border cities such as San Diego, El Paso, Tijuana, and Ciudad Juárez have thriving economies built on manufacturing, logistics, and services linked to trade.
2. Supply Chains
Integrated Supply Chains
Many industries, including automotive, electronics, and manufacturing, rely on integrated supply chains that span the US-Mexico border. Components and materials often cross the border multiple times during the production process. Any disruptions or delays at the border can have a domino effect on production schedules and costs.
The “just-in-time” manufacturing model, which emphasizes minimal inventory and rapid production in response to customer demand, is common in the border region. Efficient border management is critical for ensuring that supply chains operate smoothly and meet production deadlines.
3. Job Opportunities
Employment in Border Communities
The border region is home to numerous industries that provide job opportunities for local residents. These industries include manufacturing, agriculture, transportation, logistics, and retail. Employment rates in border communities are closely tied to the health of cross-border trade.
Vulnerable Employment Sectors
In the event of border disruptions or economic downturns, vulnerable employment sectors in border regions may face job losses. Vulnerable populations, including low-skilled workers, may be disproportionately affected.
4. Investment and Economic Development
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)
Foreign companies often invest in manufacturing plants and production facilities in Mexico to take advantage of lower labor costs and proximity to the US market. A stable and efficient border management system is essential to attract and retain foreign direct investment (FDI).
Economic Development Initiatives
Border management policies can influence the success of economic development initiatives in border regions. Investments in infrastructure, technology, and workforce development can promote economic growth and diversification.
5. Agriculture and Food Supply
Agricultural products, including fruits, vegetables, and livestock, are major commodities traded across the US-Mexico border. Any disruptions or delays at the border can impact the freshness and availability of these products, affecting both consumers and agricultural producers.
Efficient border management is essential for ensuring a stable and reliable food supply chain. Disruptions can lead to food shortages, price fluctuations, and food security concerns.
6. Energy and Natural Resources
Cross-Border Energy Trade
The US and Mexico engage in cross-border energy trade, including the import and export of oil, natural gas, and electricity. Policies related to border management can influence the energy sector’s stability and investment climate.
Efforts to address environmental concerns, such as water allocation in arid regions and the impact of border infrastructure on ecosystems, are integral to sustainable natural resource management.
7. Trade Deficits and Surpluses
Balance of Trade
The US-Mexico border has a significant impact on the balance of trade between the two countries. Trade deficits and surpluses can fluctuate based on economic conditions, currency exchange rates, and trade policies.
Trade imbalances can lead to economic consequences, including currency valuation adjustments, trade disputes, and policy responses such as tariffs and trade restrictions.
8. Tourism and Services
Border regions attract tourists from both countries, contributing to local economies through tourism-related services, including hospitality, dining, and entertainment.
Service industries such as finance, healthcare, and education often provide cross-border services, and border management policies can affect the accessibility and quality of these services.
Environmental Concerns in US-Mexico Border Management
While US-Mexico border management primarily focuses on security and economic considerations, it also raises significant environmental concerns. The border region is home to diverse ecosystems and wildlife habitats, and the construction and maintenance of border infrastructure can have lasting environmental impacts.
1. Ecosystem Disruption
The border region encompasses a variety of ecosystems, including deserts, riparian areas, and grasslands. The construction of walls, fences, and roads can fragment these habitats, disrupting the movement of wildlife and reducing genetic diversity. This can lead to long-term ecological consequences.
Several endangered and threatened species inhabit the border region, such as the jaguar and the Mexican gray wolf. Border infrastructure can pose a direct threat to these species by limiting their access to essential habitats and food sources.
2. Water Resource Management
Water Allocation Disputes
Water resources in arid border regions are limited and subject to disputes over allocation. Policies related to border management can impact water availability for both human and ecological needs, leading to conflicts and environmental stress.
Riparian ecosystems along rivers and streams in the border region are critical for biodiversity and provide essential water sources for wildlife and vegetation. Alterations to these ecosystems, including changes in water flow and quality, can harm native species and vegetation.
3. Environmental Degradation
The construction and maintenance of border infrastructure can contribute to soil erosion, particularly in arid areas where vegetation is sparse. Erosion can lead to increased sedimentation in rivers and negatively impact water quality.
Pollution and Litter
Border regions often suffer from pollution and litter due to increased human activity and insufficient waste management infrastructure. This pollution can harm wildlife, degrade ecosystems, and affect the quality of water sources.
4. Mitigation and Conservation Efforts
Environmental Impact Assessments
To address these concerns, it is essential to conduct thorough environmental impact assessments (EIAs) for all border management projects. EIAs help identify potential environmental risks and allow for the development of mitigation measures to minimize harm.
Conservation efforts should focus on protecting critical habitats and implementing sustainable land management practices in the border region. Collaborative initiatives between the US and Mexico can help preserve biodiversity and maintain ecological balance.
Effective border management requires cross-border cooperation on environmental issues. Bilateral agreements and partnerships can facilitate coordinated efforts to address shared environmental concerns and promote responsible development.
The US-Mexico border management issue is multifaceted, requiring a holistic approach. The Biden Administration must strike a delicate balance between border security and humanitarian concerns. By implementing the strategic approaches outlined in this article, they can work towards a more effective and compassionate border management system.
1. What is the current status of the US-Mexico border?
The US-Mexico border faces challenges related to illegal immigration, drug trafficking, and humanitarian concerns. It is a complex issue that requires comprehensive solutions.
2. How can the Biden Administration improve border security?
Enhancing border infrastructure, leveraging technology for surveillance, and cooperating with Mexican authorities are key steps to enhance border security.
3. What humanitarian measures are being taken at the border?
Humanitarian measures include streamlining asylum processes, expanding refugee resettlement programs, and improving detention conditions to uphold human rights.
4. What economic strategies can help alleviate border issues?
Promoting investment in Central America, expanding trade agreements, and facilitating legal migration can address economic drivers of migration.
5. Are there any environmental concerns related to the border?
Yes, the border’s development can have environmental impacts. Addressing these concerns and promoting sustainability in border regions is important for long-term management.